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Who pays for pollution?

Economists came up with a market based solution to deal with pollution about a hundred years ago… but the pollution challenge still seems far from solved – what are the issues at stake, and if the polluters haven’t paid who has?

Against the backdrop of recent studies on taxation, subsidies and market based instruments, and in the context of policy goals of resilience, sustainable recovery and zero pollution, this session will explore through different viewpoints, who is actually paying and has been paying for pollution in the last 100 years, and is it fair.


  • Lucas Chancel, Co-Director of World Inequality Lab, Affiliate Professor, Sciences Po, Associate Researcher at Paris School of Economics & Iddri
  • James Watson, Chief Economist, Business Europe


Session 8.1
Start Date
End Date
Main programme
Room 1