Environmental implementation and the judiciary
Member States are primarily responsible for implementing EU rules correctly and ensuring that environmental standards required under EU law are complied with. Yet, the Commission may open formal infringement procedures if it considers a systemic breach of EU environmental law is being committed. If the European Court of Justice (EUCJ) confirms a breach of EU law, the Member State in question has to take action, to remedy the breach. However, this takes time and many obstacles have to be overcome to successfully bring a case before the EUCJ.
By giving the floor to EU environmental law practitioners (national and EU judges, lawyers, prosecutors), this session aims at answering the following questions: how to ensure that all relevant facts are duly collected? Is there a need for specialised courts /judges? Does a national judge need to be active and supply grievances not raised by a party to protect the environment? Are references for preliminary rulings sufficiently used? How to ensure a uniform interpretation and application of EU law?